.
GRAMMAR EZ: Countable & Uncountable noun (1)

* Một danh từ có thể là đếm được hoặc không đếm được.

So sánh
Countable noun           Uncountable noun
+ I eat an apple every day.     + I eat rice every day.
Tôi ăn một quả táo mỗi ngày. Tôi ăn cơm mỗi ngày.
+ Apples are good for you. + Rice is good for you.


Apple là danh từ đếm được. Rice là danh từ không đếm được.
Các danh từ đếm được có thể Các danh từ không đếm được chỉ
là số ít (apple) hay số nhiều có một dạng (rice).
(apples).
Danh từ đếm được chỉ những sự Các danh từ không đếm được chỉ
vật hay sự việc có thể đếm những sự vật hay sự việc không
hay tính toán. Có thể nói thể đếm hay tính toán được.
“one apple”, “two apples”,... Không thể nói “one rice”,
“two rices”,...


Có thể dùng a/an với các danh   Không thể dùng a/an với các danh
từ đếm được số ít. từ không đếm được.
+ a student, an apple Không nói “a bread” or “a water”
Dùng a... of + uncountable noun:
a loaf of bread, a drop of water


Không thể dùng các danh từ đếm Có thể dùng các danh từ không
được mà không có a/the/my... đếm được một mình (không kèm
a/the/my...)
+ I love my computer. + It looks like blood.

Có thể dùng các danh từ đếm
được ở số nhiều đứng một mình
+ Computers are so cool.


Dùng someany với các danh   Có thể dùng someany với các
từ đếm được ở số nhiều. danh từ không đếm được.
+ Some dogs can be dangerous. + I usually drink some wine
with my meal.
+ I don't use any computers + I don't usually drink
at work. any water with my wine.

* Thông thường ta dùng some trong câu khẳng định và any trong
câu phủ định hoặc câu hỏi.


Dùng manyfew với các danh Dùng muchlittle với các
từ đếm được ở số nhiều. danh từ không đếm được.
+ I meet too many jerks. + I’ve got a little money.
+ It should be warmer in + He thinks I have too much
a few minutes. stress.


Dùng lot ofno với các danh Dùng lot ofno với các
từ đếm được ở số nhiều. danh từ không đếm được.
+ No computers were bought last + No wine is drunk in Iran.
week.
+ There are a lot of people + There's a lot of traffic
in the concert. today.



Exercises
1. Thêm a/an vào để sửa những câu sai, ghi right vào câu đã đúng:
+ Tom goes to work by motorbike. He hasn’t got car.
He hasn’t got a car.
+ Helen was listening to music when I arrived. (right)

1. We went to very nice restaurant last weekend.
2. I clean my teeth with toothpaste.
3. I use toothbrush to clean my teeth.
4. Can you tell me if there's bank near here?
5. My brother works for insurance company in London.
6. Can you smell paint?
7. We need petrol. I hope we come to petrol station soon.
8. I wonder if you can help me. I have problem.
9. John has got interview for job tomorrow.
10. I think volleyball is very good game.


2. Complete with a/an, some or any:
1. What are you eating? I'm eating _____ cheese sandwich.
2. Would you like _____ more cheese? No, thanks!
3. Is there _____ sugar?
4. I'd like _____ more tea, please!
5. We have got _____ apple, _____ cherries and _____ banana. We can make _____ fruitcake.
6. I havent' got _____ money, so I can't buy the CD.
7. There wasn't _____ chicken left when I arrived home yesterday.
8. Are there _____ potatoes? I'd like to prepare a Spanish omelette.
9. There isn't _____ rice in the cupboard. I'll go to the supermarket and get _____.
10. That's _____ delicious chocolate cake!


3. Chọn phần đúng để hoàn tất các câu sau:
1. How...
a. much sugar do you need for the cake?
b. many sugar do you need for the cake?
c. any sugar do you need for the cake?

2. There aren't...
a. much shops in this town.
b. many shops in this town.
c. some shops in this town.

3. There are...
a. much places to go in this town.
b. any places to go in this town.
c. a lot of places to go in this town.

4. I'd like to make a cheese cake. I need...
a. a cheese and a milk.
b. some cheese and some milk.
c. much cheese and a lot of milk.

5. In my classroom...
a. there is a lot of students.
b. there are a lot of students.
c. there are much students.

6. Look! There's...
a. an apple in the apple tree.
b. some apple in the apple tree.
c. any apple in the apple tree.

7. How...
a. much people did you invite to your birthday?
b. many people did you invite to your birthday?
c. any people did you invite to your birthday?

8. There are always...
a. much cars parked in this street.
b. any cars parked in this street.
c. a lot of cars parked in this street.

9. I'm going to the market. I'll...
a. buy some fruit.
b. buy much fruit.
c. buy many fruit.

10. I don't have...
a. many time for you today.
b. a lot of time for you today.
c. much time for you today.


471214 top -

Chà, câu nói “phong ba bão táp không bằng ngữ pháp VN” có vẻ không đúng chút nào.

VN chỉ có danh từ riêng, danh từ chung, danh từ cụ thể, danh từ trừu tượng, đâu có khó khăn kiểu danh từ đếm được rồi danh từ không đếm được.

Học hàm thụ kiểu này khó hiểu bài, chỉ biết làm đại, trúng trật hên xui!

Exercises
1. Thêm a/an vào để sửa những câu sai, ghi right vào câu đã đúng:

+ Tom goes to work by motorbike. He hasn’t got car.
He hasn’t got a car.
+ Helen was listening to music when I arrived. (right)



1. We went to a very nice restaurant last weekend.

2. I clean my teeth with toothpaste.(right)

3. I use a toothbrush to clean my teeth.

4. Can you tell me if there's a bank near here?

5. My brother works for an insurance company in London.

6. Can you smell paint? (right)

7. We need petrol. I hope we come to a petrol station soon.

8. I wonder if you can help me. I have a problem.

9. John has got interview for a job tomorrow.

10. I think volleyball is a very good game.


2. Complete with a/an, some or any:

1. What are you eating? I'm eating _a____ cheese sandwich.
2. Would you like ___any__ more cheese? No, thanks!
2. Would you like some more cheese? No, thanks!
3. Is there _any____ sugar? (Hay a drop of sugar nhỉ?)
4. I'd like ___some__ more tea, please!
5. We have got ___an__ apple, _some____ cherries and __a___ banana. We can make ___some__ fruitcake.
5. We have got an apple, some cherries and a banana. We can make a fruitcake.
6. I havent' got __any___ money, so I can't buy the CD.
7. There wasn't __a___ chicken left when I arrived home yesterday.
7. There wasn't any chicken left when I arrived home yesterday.
8. Are there __any___ potatoes? I'd like to prepare a Spanish omelette.
9. There isn't _any____ rice in the cupboard. I'll go to the supermarket and get ___some__.
10. That's _a____ delicious chocolate cake!


3. Chọn phần đúng để hoàn tất các câu sau:

1. How…
a. much sugar do you need for the cake?
b. many sugar do you need for the cake?
c. any sugar do you need for the cake?

1. How much sugar do you need for the cake?

2. There aren't...
a. much shops in this town.
b. many shops in this town.
c. some shops in this town.

2. There aren't some shops in this town.
2. There aren't many shops in this town.
Mới đầu ghi đúng, sau sửa lại thành sai. Híc...

3. There are...
a. much places to go in this town.
b. any places to go in this town.
c. a lot of places to go in this town.

3. There are a lot of places to go in this town.

4. I'd like to make a cheese cake. I need...
a. a cheese and a milk.
b. some cheese and some milk.
c. much cheese and a lot of milk.

4. I'd like to make a cheese cake. I need some cheese and some milk.

5. In my classroom...
a. there is a lot of students.
b. there are a lot of students.
c. there are much students.

5. In my classroom, there are a lot of students.

6. Look! There's...
a. an apple in the apple tree.
b. some apple in the apple tree.
c. any apple in the apple tree.

6. Look! There's an apple in the apple tree.

7. How...
a. much people did you invite to your birthday?
b. many people did you invite to your birthday?
c. any people did you invite to your birthday?

7. How many people did you invite to your birthday?

8. There are always...
a. much cars parked in this street.
b. any cars parked in this street.
c. a lot of cars parked in this street.

8. There are always a lot of cars parked in this street.

9. I'm going to the market. I'll...
a. buy some fruit.
b. buy much fruit.
c. buy many fruit.

9. I'm going to the market. I'll buy some fruit.

10. I don't have...
a. many time for you today.
b. a lot of time for you today.
c. much time for you today.

10. I don't have a lot of time for you today.
10. I don't have much time for you today.


474598 top -

@phuong5960,

Chị xem đáp án ở đây nha:
viewtopic.php?p=474695#p474695

474706 top -


GRAMMAR EASY

1. To be - thì là
2. To be - It's easy
3. To be - Video
4. To be - đang làm
5. To be - bị được
6. To be - quá khứ
7. To be - tương lai
8. To be going to
9. To be - câu cú
10. To be - Review

20. To do - Trợ động từ
21. To have - Rồi Chưa

25.1 Verb - Chia động từ
25.2 Verb - 5 Thể
26. Verb - Bất quy tắc
27. Verb - Trợ động từ
27.1 Verb - Can
27.2 Verb - May
27.3 Verb - Will
27.4 Verb - Shall
27.5 Verb - Must
27.6 Verb - Have to
+27.7 :Verb - Ought to:

+28. Verb - Gerund
+28.1 Verb - Verbal Noun
+29. Verb - Conditional

+30. :Từ vựng văn phạm:
31. Sentence
31.1 Questions - Yes No
31.1.1 Yes No
31.1.3 Very
31.1.4 Very Too So

31.2.1 -er -est
31.2.2 more most
31.2.3 less least
31.2.4 as as
31.2.5 good better best
31.2.6 bad worse worst

31.3.1 Something Nothing Anything
31.3.2 Some No Any

31.4.1 Dịch Anh/Viet 1
31.4.2 Dịch Anh/Viet 2
31.4.3 Dịch Anh/Viet 3
31.5 Questions - WH
31.6 Questions - Choice

32 Adjective

33.1 Both .. And
33.2 Either .. Or
33.3 Neither .. Nor
+33.4 :Both Either Neither
+33.5 :Both of
+33.6 :All None
+33.7 :Quantifiers


+40. :Numbers & Order
+40.1 :Used to - Đã nhưng không còn:
+40.2 :To be used to - Quen thuộc:

70. feel look seem smell sound taste
71.1 THERE - Có
71.2 IT - Trời
+80. :Mệnh đề:
+81. :Tense Voice Mood:

90.1 Cách thêm s (1)
90.2 Cách thêm s (2)
90.3 Cách thêm s (3)
90.4 Cách đọc chữ s
91. Cách đọc động từ "-ed"

100.1 Noun
100.2 Countable & Uncountable noun (1)
100.3 Một số giới từ theo sau động từ
100.4 Cụm động từ 3 từ trong tiếng Anh

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